1 edition of Development and utility of reactivity scales from smog chamber data found in the catalog.
Development and utility of reactivity scales from smog chamber data
|Other titles||Reactivity scales from smog chamber data.|
|Statement||by B. Dimitriades ... [ et al.] ; Bartlesville Energy Research Center.|
|Series||Report of investigations - Bureau of Mines ; 8023, Report of investigations (United States. Bureau of Mines) -- 8023.|
|Contributions||United States. Bureau of Mines., United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Air Programs.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||, 19 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||19|
Though one may not agree with all of Shenk's theories, his book nonetheless forces one to re-evaluate the effects that data smog has on daily life and its long-term social and political consequences. As Shenk sees it, data smog is bad for your health, promoting stress, memory overload, compulsive behavior and attention-deficit disorder. Effect of Hydrocarbon and NO x on Photochemical Smog Formation under Simulated Transport Conditions. William A. Glasson Assessment of the Commercial Potential for the High Intensity Ionizer in the Electric Utility Industry. John S. Lagarias, Jack R. McDonald Development of Ozone Reactivity Scales for Volatile Organic Compounds Carter.
To develop reactivity scales such as the Maximum Incremental Reactivity (MIR), both chamber experiments and computer simulations are needed for selected VOCs and this is very costly. The objective of this project was to improve existing methods for evaluating reactivity and develop new methods with lower costs and greater sensitivity. Smog is a serious problem facing America today, and one that effects all of us. By learning about the sources that cause smog, the risks that occur as a result of smog, and what can be done to reduce smog levels, we see that the problem of smog is not impossible to control.
It shines a new light on diseases that come from electrical development, and addresses current environmental crises that only a few yet realize are the consequence of electrosmog. This book is very, very important.”―Sandy Ross, PhD, president, Health and Habitat, Inc. “I was stunned by this book/5(66). The EPA's decision to exempt certain compounds in its policy was heavily influenced by experimental smog chamber work done earlier in the 's. In this experimental work, various compounds were injected into a smog chamber at a molar concentration that was typical of the total molar concentration of VOC in Los Angeles ambient air (4 ppmv).
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Development and utility of reactivity scales from smog chamber data. [Washington]: Bureau of Mines,  (OCoLC) Online version: Dimitriades, Basil, Development and utility of reactivity scales from smog chamber data. [Washington]: Bureau of Mines,  (OCoLC) Material Type.
Development and utility of reactivity scales from smog chamber data / By F. Sutterfield, T. Wesson, Jr. Sturm, Basil Dimitriades and United States.
Environmental Protection Agency. This page lists current and past reactivity-related research projects at the ARB and reactivity related literature available. B., et al.
() "Development and Utility of Reactivity Scales From Smog Chamber Data," U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Washington, D.C. and D. Daymon () "Experimental Results From a Smog Chamber, Hydrocarbon. Early smog chamber studies were used to develop the concept of reactivity and various reactivity scales have been compiled (Huess and Glasson, ; Dimitriades and Joshi, ).
There has always been a policy focus within North America to identify those reactive hydrocarbons that contribute most to ozone formation on the urban scale (Dodge, ).Cited by: Also, special chamber data as well as reactivity data provided a useful evaluation of chemical mechanisms.
The special chamber data included a systematic set of chamber characterization experiments, IR experiments under low NO x conditions, measuring the effect of initial NO 2, and some single-species experiments.
In general, the SAPRC97 detailed mechanism performed well in simulating the VOC reactivity experiments of test by: 4. Prior to conduct smog chamber experiments, spectrum and intensity of light sources and chamber wall effects need to be characterized.
Experimental techniques such as light intensity control, temperature control, comparison of twin chambers are also required to obtain more reliable and useful data from smog chamber by: 5. Smog Chamber Simulation of Los Angeles Pollutant Transport.
William A. Glasson. Pages: Analysis of Air Quality Data during A Day of Relatively Low Emissions. Yaacov Mamane, Development of Ozone Reactivity Scales for Volatile Organic Compounds Carter Vol. Johnson G., P. Nancarrow, A. Quintanar, and M. Azzi; Smog chamber data for testing chemical mechanisms at low VOC to NOX ratio conditions, Final Report to EPA Cooperative Agreement CR, Atmospheric Research and Exposure Assessment Laboratory, U.S.
EPA. ().Cited by: 3. Data smog refers to an overwhelming amount of data and information - often obtained through an Internet search - whose volume serves more to confuse the user than illuminate a topic.
Data smog is a term coined from a book written by the journalist David Shenk, which deals with the influence of the information technology revolution and how the. A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.
Reactivity scales were developed for hydrocarbons and aldehydes using the results of this work and those of a previous study. Application of the reactivity scales to automotive exhaust samples gave fair agreement between predicted and observed rate-of-NO2-formation values; however, predicted and observed ozone yields were neither in agreement nor did they correlate well.
The development of a condensed version of the SAPRC mechanism, designated CS07A, is described. It is comparable in size to CB05 and was derived directly from. Conclusions Smog chamber data collected in this study were supplied to two model development groups for analysis under EPA Contract Nos.
and The analysis of these data by the two modeling groups resulted in the development of improved kinetic models of photochemical smog for- mation. The smog chamber studies also provide a knowledge base that should help guide future work into this area of research. Agricultural emissions are an important contributor to atmospheric aerosol.
These emissions include nitrogen containing organic compounds, primarily as amines, which have not been well investigated to by: 2.
Data Smog is a book by journalist David Shenk and published by Harper addresses the author's ideas on how the information technology revolution would shape the world, and how the large amount of data available on the Internet would make it more.
photochemical smog formation (24—25). This ruleand other conceptions ofreactivity scales (28) represented amajorad-vance in the application of the information then available concerningthe mechanisms of photochemical smogformation to the development ofpracticalair pollutant emission control strategies.
The updated mechanism is compared with the SAPRC mechanisms in simulations of the chamber data and in predictions of atmospheric reactivities in the MIR and the MOIR ozone reactivity scales.
The updates must be considered to be preliminary, and. Substitution was-performed at the 1 and 3 ppmC level. The degree of substitution was always (33% substitution). The composition of the synthetic methanol-fuel exhaust was 1% methyl nitrite (M«NOa), % formaldehyde (HCHO), and % methanol.
Carter W. () Development of ozone reactivity scales for volatile organic compounds, EPA/ U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC Cass, G. () On the relationship between sulfate air quality and visibility with examples in Los by: Reactivity scale for atmospheric hydrocarbons based on reaction with hydroxyl radical Karen R.
Darnall, Alan C. Lloyd, Arthur M. Winer, James N. Pitts Environmental Science & Cited by:. Of the 18 reactivity scales, 3 have received the most attention: the maximum incremental reactivity (MIR) scale, the maximum ozone incremental reactivity (MOIR) scale, and the equal benefit incremental reactivity (EBIR) scale (see Table ).photochemical smog “an ozone layer in the wrong place” Get second stage process in the atmosphere Reactivity Emission control must be based on reactivity, not total amount of hydrocarbons.
Ames data Organic Cpds in Size: 5MB.Air Pollution and Global Warming is exceptionally well-written and presented. This is an ideal text to introduce students to the chemistry and physics of Earth's atmosphere. This accessible textbook provides a practical understanding of chemistry and physics applied to atmospheric science topics, and to the nature, causes and consequences of Cited by: